The Norwegian Roma

At the Jansen familys home at Helsfyr in Oslo. A meal between meetings in the Roma Pentecostal Church.

At the Jansen familys home at Helsfyr in Oslo.
A meal between meetings in the Roma Pentecostal Church.

Norway 2009 – present
Most Norwegian Roma families live marginalized from the rest of the Norwegian society. This is partly due to their fear of loosing their culture, language and traditions. The Roma’s are commonly and openly discriminated in Norway as in Europe. A high rate of illiteracy keeps most of the population living on social welfare.
The Norwegian Roma are one of five national minorities. Originally descending from Rajasthan in India 1000 years ago, we find the first trace of the Roma in Norway around 1880. In 1934 a group of 68 Roma were refused re-entrance to Norway, despite the fact that many held Norwegian passports. Only twelve survived World War II. The Norwegian Roma population are descendants of the twelve.
Today, the vast majority is resident in Oslo during winter. In summertime they travel and live on campsites around Scandinavia and Europe. The majority of camping sites in Norway refuse them admission. Car parks on industrial sites are often used as a supplement.

At the Jansen familys home at Helsfyr in Oslo. A meal between meetings in the Roma Pentecostal Church.

At the Jansen familys home at Helsfyr in Oslo.
A meal between meetings in the Roma Pentecostal Church.

An important aspect of the Roma culture is their value for family relations. They maintain strong ties with their larger extended families. A meal between meetings in the Roma Pentecostal Church. The Jansen family’s home, Oslo, Norway.

An important aspect of the Roma culture is their value for family relations. They maintain strong ties with their larger extended families.
A meal between meetings in the Roma Pentecostal Church.
The Jansen family’s home, Oslo, Norway.

A meeting in the Roma Pentecostal Church. As a result of the lack of a church hall, Godlia community house was rented for the occasion.

A meeting in the Roma Pentecostal Church. As a result of the lack of a church hall, Godlia community house was rented for the occasion.

A meeting in the Roma Pentecostal Church. Collection of the offerings.

A meeting in the Roma Pentecostal Church. Collection of the offerings.

As the Roma people often adopt the religion from the areas where they live, the Norwegian Roma joined the Pentecostal Church somewhat 30 years ago. Prayer of blessing during the service at the Roma Pentecostal Church. Oslo Norway.

As the Roma people often adopt the religion from the areas where they live, the Norwegian Roma joined the Pentecostal Church somewhat 30 years ago. Prayer of blessing during the service at the Roma Pentecostal Church.
Oslo Norway.

A meeting in the Roma Pentecostal Church. Holy communion.

A meeting in the Roma Pentecostal Church. Holy communion.

The majority of camping sites refuse the Roma admission. Therefore they are dependent on individuals who can offer them places where they can meet. Car parks on industrial sites are often used. Campsite, Porsgrunn, Norway.

The majority of camping sites refuse the Roma admission. Therefore they are dependent on individuals who can offer them places where they can meet. Car parks on industrial sites are often used.
Campsite, Porsgrunn, Norway.

During the summer months the Roma people are travelling and the children are taught at home. Most of the adults are illiterate and are unable to help their children with their homework. Campsite, Porsgrunn, Norway.

During the summer months the Roma people are travelling and the children are taught at home. Most of the adults are illiterate and are unable to help their children with their homework.
Campsite, Porsgrunn, Norway.

Campsite, Porsgrunn, Norway.

Campsite, Porsgrunn, Norway.

Campsite, Porsgrunn, Norway.

Campsite, Porsgrunn, Norway.

Early morning in the caravan.

Early morning in the caravan.

Campsite, Porsgrunn, Norway.

Campsite, Porsgrunn, Norway.

One of the nine Jansen brothers received a new kidney, donated by his daughter. It was natural that the whole of the extended family were there as support.

One of the nine Jansen brothers received a new kidney, donated by his daughter. It was natural that the whole of the extended family were there as support.

One of the grandchildren playing doctor and patient while waiting at the hospital.

One of the grandchildren playing doctor and patient while waiting at the hospital.

One of the nine Jansen brothers received a new kidney, donated by his daughter. It was natural that the whole of the extended family were there as support.

One of the nine Jansen brothers received a new kidney, donated by his daughter. It was natural that the whole of the extended family were there as support.

Roma wedding, Skedsmo, Norway.

Roma wedding, Skedsmo, Norway.

The girls are allowed to attend school till they reach puberty. After this they have to help out at home and learn how to be a good wife according to Roma tradition. This is reproducing the illiteracy as well as the gab between the Norwegian society and the Roma community. Roma wedding, Skedsmo, Norway.

The girls are allowed to attend school till they reach puberty. After this they have to help out at home and learn how to be a good wife according to Roma tradition. This is reproducing the illiteracy as well as the gab between the Norwegian society and the Roma community.
Roma wedding, Skedsmo, Norway.

Roma wedding, Skedsmo, Norway.

Roma wedding, Skedsmo, Norway.

Roma wedding, Skedsmo, Norway.

Roma wedding, Skedsmo, Norway.

Roma wedding, Skedsmo, Norway.

Roma wedding, Skedsmo, Norway.

Roma wedding, Skedsmo, Norway.

Roma wedding, Skedsmo, Norway.

Five year old hands at a wedding party. From a young age the girls are dressed up as women, with make up, fake nails and bleached hair. Roma wedding, Skedsmo, Norway.

Five year old hands at a wedding party. From a young age the girls are dressed up as women, with make up, fake nails and bleached hair.
Roma wedding, Skedsmo, Norway.

Weddings are considered to be very important occasions, where the Roma’s generosity, hospitality and zest for life unfold. The Roma establish new bonds between families through marriages, making travelling an important social arena. Roma wedding, Skedsmo, Norway.

Weddings are considered to be very important occasions, where the Roma’s generosity, hospitality and zest for life unfold. The Roma establish new bonds between families through marriages, making travelling an important social arena.
Roma wedding, Skedsmo, Norway.

Roma wedding, Skedsmo, Norway.

Roma wedding, Skedsmo, Norway.